The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has had a very interesting and peculiar history. An American individual named Roswell Eldridge was searching for a King Charles Spaniel exhibiting a long nose in the 20’s. He offered a big prize money in London, during the Cruft Dog Show to anyone who could present him with such a breed as what he saw in Van Dyke’s famous painting showing King Charles II and his loyal pets.
A woman named Mostyn Walker won the “Eldridge Prize” when she brought in a long-nosed spaniel named “Ann’s Son”. Unfortunately, the American was unable to witness it as he died a month before the show. The event went on but the prize money was handed out in his absence. The concept of a long-nosed King Charles Spaniel lived on and was the talk amongst American breeders. So they set out to accomplish Eldridge’s dream and created the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel we know and love today.
It should be noted that the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the “true” heir to the royal line of King Charles II’s dogs. In the 40’s the breed was recognized and given the prefix- “Cavalier” in order to separate itself from the rest. It finally appeared in the AKC belonging in the toy dog division beginning of the year 1996.